One aspect that must come to the forefront of Disaster Risk Management and resilience discussions is gender. Dr. Emma Porio, project lead of the Coastal Cities at Risk in the Philippines tackled this important yet often overlooked issue through her lecture-workshop: “Crafting Resilience: Using Intersectional Analysis (Gender, Culture/Ethnicity and Class/Income Status) in Gender-based Violence in Emergencies (GBVIE).” This lecture-workshop was given for the Executive Certificate Course on Gender-based Violence in Emergencies (ECC GBViE) held in Ateneo de Manila last June 17-22, 2019.
Here, Dr. Porio interrogated the contextual drivers of gender-based violence in emergencies (i.e., armed conflict and human-induced disasters) and response while critically examining the climate change adaptation-disaster risk reduction (CCA-DRR) policies and program designs of national/local governments, international humanitarian agencies, civil society, and the private sector. She determined that these sectors are not gender-sensitive nor socially inclusive. Through an intersectional analytical approach to GBVIE, she sensitized the participants to the socio-cultural and political-economic forces that shape the behavioral responses of various actors and stakeholders in emergency situations.
Through her session, she presented a basic critique of the Disaster Risk Management and Resilience systems response. Her goal was that the students 1) recognize the root causes of gender-based violence in emergencies, (2) be mindful of the process of reporting, and (3) craft appropriate response, resolution, recovery, and rehabilitation.
Lecturers for this course included members of the Ateneo de Manila Political Science department: Dr. Ma. Lourdes Venracion-Ralloza, Ms. Pilar Berse, Mr. Gino Trinidad, and Dr. Maria Elissa Lao who is also the director of the Institute for Philippine Culture. Their sessions clarified the roles of local and national actors in the context of crisis and emergency situations, while raming disaster as the root cause or enhancer of gender-based violence. Atty. Amparita Sta. Maria of the Ateneo Law School shared her expertise on laws related to gender during humanitarian crises. Dr. Gilda Dans Lopez discussed mental health and psychosocial support systems for frontlines during these emergency situations. Lastly, Dr. Maria Regina Justina E. Estuar showed the potential of information technology and disaster to both prevent and aid against gender-based violence during emergency situations.
The participants were local government officials were from the south of the Philippines, or Mindanao. They had first-hand experienced on both disaster relief and emergency response. Some participants are involved in the rehabilitation post- Marawi Crisis of 2017, while others were involved in the rehabilitation happening after the Zamboanga siege in 2013. Dr. Emma Porio’s participation was done in relation to CCARPH’s goal of bringing socially-inclusive and scientifically-informed policy discussions in DRRM, specifically in relation to gender issues and DRRM.